Wednesday, August 11, 2010
The forerunner to art deco, it was developed in France between 1890 and 1910. Furnishings and accessories, like Tiffany lamps, contain ornate and flowing lines and freeform shapes taken from nature and the feminine form.
Arts and Crafts
The arts-and-crafts movement was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution’s reliance on mass production and the Victorian era's focus on heavy ornamentation. Popular during the early 1900s, this style glorified craftsmanship in simple shapes with exposed joinery, spare ornamentation and strong lines. Materials used to embellish the look include metals, stained glass and painted tiles and fabrics featuring stylized floral motifs. Notable artisans of this period are William Morris, Gustav Stickley and Charles and Henry Greene.
Japanese Typically refers to Japanese and Chinese influences. Traditional Japanese interiors are sized according to a 3' x 6' human form, represented by natural fiber floor coverings called tatami mats. Raw materials like bamboo and colors taken from nature are used to create a serene, calm environment. Furnishings characteristic of the look are shoji screens and rice-paper lanterns. Chinese interiors are identifiable through highly stylized furnishings featuring hand-painted designs on lacquered finishes, brightly colored accessories and ornaments or statues of animals or mythical creatures. Red is used abundantly as a symbol of good luck.
A highly ornamental decorative style that originated in Italy in the 1600s that is characterized by twisted columns, large, irregular curves, elaborate scrolls, oversize moldings, luxurious fabrics and inlaid wood floor designs. Gold is the preeminent color and is supported with strong hues like purple, dark green, deep red and burnt umber for a rich, regal look.
A German furniture style from the first half of the 1800s focusing on strength and comfort. The palette is light with pastel hues acting as secondary colors. Furniture is made of light-colored woods constructed in both linear and curved forms derivative of the more formal French Empire style. Parquet floors arranged in geometric designs are prevalent.
Spurred by the arrival of the British colonists in the West Indies, this style represents a combination of pared-down Victorian elegance with Caribbean tropical and animal motifs. Furniture usually consists of mahogany, dark walnut or teak combined with wicker, cane and leather insets.
Encompasses a wide range of styles developed in the latter half of the 20th century. Pieces feature softened and rounded lines, as opposed to the stark lines seen in modern design. Interiors contain neutral elements and bold color and focus on the basics of line, shape and form.
A colorful, comfortable look characterized by painted and/or decorated furniture with graceful lines, textural elements like baskets, beadboard walls and natural fiber rugs and window shades, weathered finishes and colors taken straight from a lush flower garden.
A relaxed, comfortable style that is an interpretation of more traditional looks. Colors are natural and subdued; a rustic, textural quality permeates the interior and exterior through the use of wood, iron and stone. Textiles include embroidered rugs and fabrics in muted floral prints; furnishings range from dark-stained chests to pine bookcases.
American furniture style following the American Revolution and running roughly through the early 1800s. Incorporates the neoclassical influences of Sheraton and Hepplewhite including refined lines, tapered legs and contrasting veneers and inlays. One of the popular Federal-style furniture makers was Duncan Phyfe. Brass feet and brass-ring drawer pulls are common on large storage pieces; game tables are very popular accents.
Style of the early 1800s that expressed the imperial ambitions of Napoleon. Based on classic Greek and Roman design, motifs are symbolic of torches, Roman eagles, empire-wreaths, mythological figures, lions and the letter "N" (for Napoleon). Walls and ceilings feature extensive decoration and ornamentation.
French provincial/French country
Garden style is typified by an atmosphere of fresh and pretty things, including floral prints, especially in chintz fabrics, needlepoint pillows, framed botanicals, painted wood furniture, lace accents, fresh flowers and china antiques.
A look characterized by natural materials like leather, wool and indigenous woods from the area. Furnishings are substantial and are left in a rustic state.
Representing the American arts-and-crafts movement in the early 1900s, this style features heavy, dark-finished oak furniture with straight and simple rectangular lines; associated with Gustav Stickley. The most popular piece of Mission furniture in its day was the Morris chair, the first reclining/easy chair.
A clean, streamlined furniture style from the 1930s with roots in the German Bauhaus School of Design and Scandinavian modern design. Characterized by polished surfaces, sleek geometric shapes and asymmetry. Expansive windows play into the overall aesthetic. Expansive, unadorned windows marry the interior with the exterior landscape.
A detailed look consisting of intricately patterned fabrics, colorful mosaics, metal lanterns, textured walls, gauzy fabric, jewel-toned colors, layers of Oriental rugs and pillows in luxurious fabrics and ornately carved wooden accents.
An elegant and simple design style, with motifs borrowed from ancient Roman, Greek and Egyptian themes. Popular during the late 1700s.
The hallmark of Old World design is a comfortable, broken-in look that shows the wear and tear of usage. Textured walls, hand-trawled windows and walls and natural materials like tumbled marble exemplify the style. The finish of the materials is extremely important — distressed furniture and matte, honed finishes are preferable to highly polished, reflective surfaces. Colors are muted and subdued.
Furnishings are heavy and substantial with exaggerated proportions, carved ornamentation and bulbous turnings on bed posts and furniture legs. The color scheme features a striking contrast of dark wood pieces against white or tone-on-tone neutrals. Intricate details such as gold-leaf accents and colorful, elaborate tile designs add to the formality of the design.
A style of European design originating in France during the early 1700s featuring furniture made of rich woods with elaborate scrollwork and curved forms. It's considered a more refined version of the coarse and heavy baroque style.
A comfortable style that appeals to the senses through soft fabrics with floral patterns, laces, painteing furniture, a color pastel palette, filtered light and aromatic flower arrangements.
A simple style typical of country life, regardless of geography. Interiors are primitive with exposed walls, wood paneling, rough-hewn beams and stone. Furnishings are simple yet sturdy pieces with little ornamentation with natural or worn finishes.
Encompasses three different Nordic styles — country, Gustavian and Scandinavian modern. Each holds true to a light and fresh color palette and an abundance of wood pieces meant to counteract the region's dark, cold winters. Distinguishing characteristics of the country style include bare or painted wide-plank, wood floors, furniture made of birch or pine and fabrics that feature minimal patterns in white-washed hues.
The Gustavian look is a combination of the country pieces with a brighter color palette and elegant accessories, like crystal chandeliers and furnishings with graceful curves.
Scandinavian modern evolved with the modern movement in the 1930s. It features the same blond wood furniture. but with an emphasis on line, shape and form. The look is punctuated with bursts of color in small doses, like area rugs or artwork.
This style has become popular in recent years because of its accessibility and affordability. White-painted furniture, painted motifs, muted colors, slipcovers and vintage fabrics are all indicative of the comfortable, eclectic look.
A simplistic furniture design featuring clean, spare lines. The style originated in the mid-1770s from an American Shaker religious sect who built furniture according to their belief that the beauty of the object was found in its usefulness.
Generally characterized by earthtone colors, rough textures, handcrafted objects, an abundance of terra cotta and clay tile roofs.
Traditional furnishings can hail from England in the 18th century, the French countryside, or even the exotic lands of the East. Among the most popular traditional styles today are 18th-century English, 19th-century neoclassic, French country, and British Colonial revival.
Transitional style is a marriage of traditional and contemporary furniture, finishes, materials and fabrics. Furniture lines are simple yet sophisticated featuring either straight lines or rounded profiles. Fabric can range from graphic patterns on overstuffed sofas to textured chenilles on sleek wood frames.
Ornamental carvings in island motifs, exotic woods and framed botanicals are indicative of this style.
A highly decorated style in effect from 1485 to the late 1500s. Elements reflect an almost medieval look with stone or brick floors, contrasting colors and ornate furniture. Pewter accessories are plentiful. The look depends on a recurrent use of textural fabrics on beds, windows and walls. See a Tudor kitchen makeover completed on just $500.
Tuscan interiors feature a rustic, sun-baked look characterized by crumbling stone patios, simple and sturdy furnishings with elegant iron accents, terra-cotta tiles and textured wall finishes, in addition to elegant, detailed murals and trompe l'oeil designs.